All about Domain Names

Introduction to Domain Name World

There is a common slang, if you are not Online then you are unsuccessful. 

Your business needs to be online with Domain Name

The online world runs through internet where websites play a crucial role. There are tons of business who have already joined this internet world along with their physical presence to boost their sales. The one who just relies on offline sales is facing the heat. 

There is an immense requirement for businesses to come online if they want to boost their sales. For the same, they require a website which runs through Domain and Hosting

The domain is like address of your Home through which people can visit and explore your place.

The address of the same needs to be:

  1. Available 
  2. Easy to remember
  3. SEO Friendly 
  4. Cost-Effective 

Now before we move ahead and purchase a domain, let’s understand:

  1. What is Domain Name
  2. Parts of Domain Name
  3. How it works 
  4. Types of Domain name
  5. Difference between hosting and domain
  6. URL Vs. Domain 

What is a domain name?

If you have created a new website, you must come along the word domain a lot of time. The domain name is the address of your website people uses which to visit your website. We all know how important the address is if you want to reach to the destination. If there is a destination where a user wants to reach then the domain name is the address to your website.

We can understand the domain name with an easy example let’s say If in a web browser we open a website https://onlineseoblog.com/training-course-topics/ domain name for the website is onlineseoblog.com with .com as a top-level extension.

A glimpse of IP Address

To distinguish various computers and websites, we dole every computer out an IP address. It is a progression of numbers that recognize a specific computer on the internet. An ordinary IP address resembles this: 278.247.89.14

Presently an IP address like this is very hard to recall. Suppose you needed to use such numbers to visit your preferred websites. We concocted domain names (remember just the domain name instead of IP addresses) to take care of this issue. Presently in the event that you need to visit a website, at that point, you don’t have to enter a long series of numbers. Rather, you can visit it by composing a simple to recall domain name in your program’s address bar. For instance, onlineseoblog.com backend of which this IP Address will run and when the domain name is recognized the website loads. 

domain name

Parts of domain name:

We have listed domain name parts below starting from left moving towards the right side. The part of the domain in bold represents its category.

  • Subdomain

It is the starting part of a domain from the left side before the first dot.

Examplewww.onlineseoblog.com

  • Second-level domain

It is the second part of the domain starting from the left which ranges between both the dots.

Example: www.onlineseoblog.com

  • Top-level domain

The last part of the domain starting from the left side which starts after the second dot. We call it Domain extension

Example: www.onlineseoblog.com

Domain Name Types

How does a domain name work?

The extension can be of many types. However, .com  is the most popular and renowned extension.

  • When you enter a domain name in your internet browser, it initially sends a solicitation to a worldwide system of servers that structure the Domain Name System (DNS).
  • These servers at that point search up for the name servers related to the domain and forward the solicitation to those name servers. For instance, Hostinger facilitates your site, at that point we will represent its name server data as nb1.hostinger.com.

cheap web hosting

  • These name servers are computers overseen by your hosting organization.
  • Your hosting organization will advance your solicitation to the computer where your site is situated.
  • We know this computer as a web server.
  • It has uncommon programming introduced (Apache, Nginx are two mainstream web server programming).
  • The web-server gets the website page and snippets of data related to it. At last, it at that point sends this data back to the browser.

Types of domain names 

  • Top-level domain 

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) provides a list of six top-level domains. We also know them as domain extensions. 

  1. We use .com for commercial
  2. We use .edu for educational
  3. We use .net for network
  4. We use .org for organization
  5. We use .mil for military
  6. We use .gov for government 
  • Country-code top-level domain

Just like we differentiate between military and government agencies by using .mil and .gov The country code top-level domain is a two-letter domain associated with the geographical location and the country. For Example, .UK is used for the United Kingdom and .AU is used for Australia. 

  • Internationalized Country-code top-level domain

It is a top-level domain that is encoded and it allows you to use special characters. You can even use non-Latin characters sets.

  • Generic top-level domain

Generic Top-level domain functions as a category of top-level domain with DNS.  There are 21 generic top-level domains to date which range within the root zone. It is the highest level of a domain name system structure as of now. There are over 1500 in use out of which 21 make up the vast majority of them. Therefore, we have divided it into four categories.

  1. Generic Domains(.com, .in, .org)  which we used for general purpose.
  2. Generic restricted domains (.pro, .biz, .name) Only used for specific purpose.
  3. Sponsored domains used by the Business involved industry.
  4. Infrastructure(.arpa) which is one of the top-level domain used to help the DNS infrastructure.
  • Second-level domains

Second-level domains are the domains followed by the top-level domain. They take the second place starting from the left. For Example in www.onlineseoblog.com, onlineseoblog is the second-level domain with .com top-level extension. Mostly the second-level domains are the name of a business organization that registers the domain with the domain provider/registrars. It acts as an identifier to potential customers.

  • Third Level domains

Second- level domain naturally follows the Third Level domains. We find them on the left side of secondary level domains which we often referred to as a subdomain.  ‘www’ is the most common Third Level domain. Organizations generally use multiple Third Level domain referring to specific service within the organization.

General FAQs

1. Can we cancel Domain Name registration?

Yes, domain name provider allows you to revoke your domain name, remember it will be available for others to purchase. They will not provide you any refunds in most cases.

2. Can my website move to a different domain?

Indeed, you can. Your SEO score rolls back to zero. Don’t forget to apply 301 redirection 

3. Will I be able to sell Domains?

You can sell your domain name. As a next level, you can act as Domain broker

4. Can I buy multiple domains?

Yes, you can buy multiple domains from several sites. Click on the image below. 

domain name

5. What is Domain Privacy? Do I need it?

Domain Privacy is an additional service provided by domain registrars. It allows you to display proxy information instead of personal information which you provided to ICANN at the time of registration.

Difference between domain and hosting

We can conclude it that domain is the address of your website while the hosting is housing space for your website.

Domain

Hosting

Address of website

Location of website

Entirely Digital

Requires Physical Server

The link between visitor and server

storage of data and files

Difference between URL and domain

Most people get confused and think the URL and domain are the same but they both are different.

URL is the path of the website that leads to a webpage. It acts as a complete internet address for a particular web page. For Example, https://onlineseoblog.com/content-yoast-seo-readability-analysis/ is the URL to a webpage whereas the domain name is the name for the website. For Example, onlineseoblog.com

Who is responsible for the Domain Name System(DNS)?

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is behind the management of the domain name system. It is a non-profit organization that implements policies for domain names. ICANN permits companies for selling Domain names. They can also make changes on your behalf. Domain name registrars can sell domain names, deal with its records, restorations, and moves to different registrars.

This is about Domain Names, learn about Hosting

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Research on Domain Name
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Research on Domain Name
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This is a complete researched article providing enough information on Domain Name
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Jatin Sri
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Jatin

I am a blogger in Digital Marketing where my focus area is Search Engine Optimization and Yoast Readability analysis.

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